If you are born a girl, chances are that you may get a urinary tract infection (UTI) some time in your early life. Of course, boys can get UTIs as well, but due to their anatomy, females have a higher risk of getting UTI than males. A urinary tract infection is basically an infection of the kidneys, ureters, bladder and/or urethra, which together makes up the urinary tract. Most doctors and health scientists note that Escherichia coli (E. coli) is the main culprit of most UTI cases; however, there are many other bacteria, parasites and/or fungi that might also be the cause of UTIs in other patients. Thankfully, there are many effective antibiotics for UTI that patients can take.
All antibiotics for UTI that are prescribed by the doctor must be taken continuously until the entire treatment course is finished, even if the symptoms of the patient tend to go away in as early as a day or two. This is to prevent the reoccurrence or regrowth of the bacteria or other organisms causing the UTI. Initially, when the symptoms are gone, this does not necessarily mean that the antibiotics for UTI have worked adequately enough to get rid of all the infection causing your UTI. This simply means that the antibiotics for UTI you are taking are working well. To ensure that the antibiotics for UTI you are taking definitely clear out the infection-causing organisms in and out of your body, then you should definitely finish the entire treatment course that your doctor recommended.
Below are the most common antibiotics for UTI:
Aminoglycosides – they are normally used as a combination drug with other antibiotics to help fight off UTIs that are classified to be severe. Examples are amikacin, gentamycin and tobramycin.
Beta-lactams – please note that there are many bacteria and other organisms that are quite resistant to some types of these drugs. Examples are cephalosporins and penicillins like amoxicillin, Ceftin, Duricef, Keflex, Cephalexin, Rocephin, Suprax, etc.
Fluoroquinolones – these antibiotics for UTI must not be taken by women who are pregnant as well as it should not be given to babies and young toddlers. Examples are Cipro, Floxacin and Levaquin.
Macrolides – these are mainly used in UTIs stemming from STD (sexually transmitted diseases). Examples are azithromycin, clarithromycin, and erythromycin.
Tetracyclines – these are antibiotics for UTI that are often used for infections caused by Chlamydia or Mycoplasma organisms. Just like flouroquinolones, these must not be taken by women who are pregnant as well as it should not be administered to infants and young toddlers. Examples are doxycycline, minocycline and tetracycline.
Trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole – one of the effective antibiotics for UTI used as a combination antibiotic. Take note that still there are many organisms that tend to have resistance on this one. Examples of this type of medicine include Septra and Bactrim DS.
While the antibiotics for UTI mentioned above are proven to be very effective in many cases, still the best way is to try and prevent or reduce the occurrence of UTIs. One of the most common methods on how to prevent getting a UTI is to increase one’s fluid intake and make sure that you get a sufficient amount of water intake each day. A lot of people who develop UTIs simply do not drink a lot of liquids.